"I found out the mayor of Detroit had a tougher problem than I had as president of Ford," Miller said in a 1998 interview. "He was short of money, short of time and short of qualified people. We really didn't know how to help him."
Check your car battery
Miller and the other Whiz Kids stewarded Ford back to profitability after the war, reorganizing the company along some 15 profit centers, each with professional and semiautonomous management. The operating structure, with a focus on cost controls, forecasting and planning, eventually allowed Ford to become a publicly held company for the first time, on Jan. 17, 1956.
When the war ended, Miller and the other nine members of the group pitched themselves as a package deal to some 100 U.S. companies. Only one company, the Alleghany Corp., responded.
"If you get in trouble with your line boss, you get transferred," he often told the company's controllers. "But if you get in trouble with me, you get fired! Their job was to blow the whistle if they thought something was wrong."
"We were just lost -- out of our element. We were whipsawed," Miller recalled when the presidents of Detroit's three auto companies were summoned to testify before Congress after the publication of 'Unsafe at Any Speed,' Ralph Nader's 1965 groundbreaking book that exposed the American auto industry's lax safety practices.
Can you remember a time when 'cavalier' wasn’t merely the attitude of the White House’s incumbent but one of the most prolific automobiles on UK roads? Then settle into a bout of nostalgia as we look back at our 1989 and 1990 What Car? Family Car of the Year winner, the Mk3 Vauxhall Cavalier.
"Henry Ford II's personal dominance of the company gave it a different character, certainly different from other publicly owned companies in the automobile game," Miller said in 2003. "GM and Chrysler were not that way. You knew who the boss was. There were no palace politics with anyone trying to take over."
The team -- initially dubbed the “quiz kids” because they cajoled Ford colleagues with so many questions early on -- included Robert McNamara, who also became Ford president before serving as secretary of defense under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Antifreeze, as its name suggests, stops the water in the engine’s cooling system from freezing. To test the effectiveness of your antifreeze, an antifreeze tester is available for about £5. To use it, unscrew the coolant reservoir cap under the bonnet (ensuring the engine is cold first), lower the tube into the coolant and squeeze the rubber bulb on the end to suck some antifreeze inside the tester.